In early stages of Soviet regime, particularly in the period of repressions in 1937, the highly-qualified religious figures of our country who got the education in different outstanding Islamic centres of the East were killed. In conditions of almost full disappearances of competent religious figures in republic the fanaticism was passed off as a religion and thereby, the definite sections tried knowingly to blacken Islam in people’s eyes. Beginning from 30’s the atheistic policy began to lose its power and the mass expressed aspirations for returning their cultural wealth and legally celebrated devotions andthe tendency to religion increased among our youth.As a result of all the critical necessity in highly-qualified personnel was demanded in the country. Just for the purpose of this need’s satisfaction, the faculty of theology was created in Baki State University.
The faculty was opened in 1992/93 educational years according to the agreement concluded among the Ministry of Education of the Azerbaijan Republic, Baki State University and the Religious Vakf of Turkey. The apprenticeship on the faculty is five years. On graduating the facultyseniors are awarded with two specialities : a theologian-islamist and a teacher of the Arabic language. These specialities open up before our seniors the possibilities to get a job in different organizations of the republic. Some of them have already applied jobs in state, scientific, pedagogical and religious institutions of country,and some others are busy with researching. Twelve of them, defending PhD theses were awarded academic status the candidate of theological science.
The faculty of theology has recently achieved considerable progress in the area of training highly-qualified Islamic personnel. The prestige of faculty has lately increased more among the first faculties, where they wish to enter and that the rate of student activities, entering to our faculty is increasing every year.
In the first 1992/93 educational years 61 students entered to our faculty. The following years, taking into account, the scopes of faculty, the entrance plan of students to the faculty were a bit reduced. In 2008/09 educational years 43 students are accepted to our faculty. Till the present time totally 585 students were accepted to our faculty.
Nowadays 11 graduations were taken part in the faculty. During these graduations 583 students applied degrees. Now 200 students are studying in the faculty.